parenting styles and their impact on child development

Parenting Styles And Their Impact On Child Development

Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    How parents interact with their children significantly impacts their children's sense of self-worth, social skills, and ability to form healthy connections.

    Confidence, independence, and emotional regulation are three areas of personality development that are influenced by parenting methods.   

    Concerned about the potential influence of your parenting style on your child's maturation is understandable. Although it may appear reasonable to answer yes, it is crucial to comprehend the reasons for and how different parenting styles impact children's growth and development.

    Is there a difference in the impact on your child between hands-on parenting and more laissez-faire approaches? Are parenting methods prioritising healthy two-way communication better for children than those that believe children should only be seen and not heard? How crucial is communication in parenting? Let's unravel this and discover.

    Parenting Styles

    Authoritarian Parenting

    In this type of parenting, the parent dictates everything the child must do and expects the child to follow the rules unthinkingly. Typically, the rules need to be articulated, and the youngster needs to be given more space to negotiate.

    They count on their children to be perfect examples of these values. As a general rule, punishment follows an error. Typically, authoritarian parents are strict with their expectations and don't give their children much leeway to meet them. 

    parenting styles and their impact on child development 1

    Characteristics of Children Raised by Authoritarian Parents

    There is no room for intimacy, honest dialogue, or care in an authoritarian household. Instead, it's more like a boss is dictating how an employee should be moving about, which might make the kids feel invisible and irrelevant.

    Many of these kids struggle with low self-esteem and an inability to trust their judgment. Children whose parents have always set the course for them tend to be unsure of themselves, lack initiative, and need help finding solutions to problems independently because their parents have always decided everything for them.

    Because of their upbringing in an environment where there is little understanding and communication, children from these households may find it difficult to form, maintain, and engage in healthy friendships and relationships.

    As kids grow older and gain more life experience, they may rebel against the overly rigid structures placed upon them, leading to possibly harmful and extreme actions.

    How Authoritarian Parenting Styles Influence Children's Actions

    Very well-behaved children are often the product of authoritarian parenting styles. They frequently behave in a way that sidesteps rules because they fear the repercussions of breaking them. They have no problem following directions and are accustomed to being rule-followers.

    But that doesn't imply they're well-adjusted; some of the challenges these kids face include aggressiveness, shyness, social awkwardness, and a lack of autonomy when faced with issues that aren't immediately addressed.

    In addition to having trouble controlling their emotions and expressing themselves appropriately, children who feel pressured to conform by their parents may also exhibit underlying aggressiveness.

    As a defence mechanism against the harsh regulations and punishments they endured as children, these children often rebel and oppose those in positions of power when they reach adulthood and experience the independence that comes with it.

    Authoritative Parenting

    Typically, children of this type of parent grow up in a loving home environment. When it comes to disciplinary proceedings, they lay out their expectations clearly and explain why.

    Instead of punishing, disciplinary procedures are employed to provide support. In addition to having a say in what the parent hopes to achieve, children also benefit from regular, age-appropriate check-ins with their parents.

    The healthiest outcomes for children are typically achieved with this parenting approach, but it demands a great deal of patience and effort from both parents. 

    How Authoritative Parenting Influences Children's Character Development

    Tolerance for others, appreciating of the significance of relationships, and efficient communication are traits often seen in children of authoritative parents because of the emphasis on clear communication and substantial time invested in a reciprocal connection.

    Responsible behaviour is more common among children who have a hand in creating their norms and boundaries and have a voice in their narrative. They are likelier to take the lead and act independently, typically mimicking their parents' nurturing behaviours. These kids might have more realistic goals and a healthier sense of self-worth.

    Although the children raised in these homes tend to be more outgoing, even the most reserved develop a healthy dose of autonomy and decision-making capacity.

    Authoritative Parenting and Its Impact on Children's Conduct

    Children raised by authoritative adults are more likely to be self-assured and confident than their peers because they are more likely to feel heard and seen.

    Also, they learn to cope with their emotions healthily and constructively since their mistakes are met with understanding and empathy rather than shame. This results in enhanced empathy and the capacity to interact with people suitably.

    As a result of the parents' positive reinforcement, constructive criticism, and active participation, children with authoritative parents tend to excel in extracurricular activities and academics.

    Children with these traits can also be independent and assertive. Rather than being aggressive or lashing out, they prefer to work things out by conversation and other methods.

    Permissive Parenting

    More permissive parents are often warm and kind, and they set few, if any, expectations for their children. They don't put too many restrictions on their kids.

    Although parents keep lines of communication open, they often step back and let their children work things out independently.

    Rare applications of discipline are typically the outcome of such low expectations. They behave more like friends than parents. 

    The Influence of Lax Parenting Styles on Children's Character Development

    A laid-back disposition is a byproduct of a permissive parenting style. Children of permissive parents are often quite self-centred, which some may characterise as indulgent due to the lack of structure and direction they receive from their parents. They grow up very demanding adults because their needs are always addressed when they are children.

    Also, kids with too much freedom, too few restrictions, and the capacity to make their own decisions at too young a age can be impulsive and lack self-control.

    Thankfully, these kids have grown up in an environment with much love and support, so they naturally have high self-esteem and are great socialisers. Their priorities, meanwhile, are often more important to them than those of other people. 

    Permissive Parenting and Its Impact on Children's Conduct

    This type of parent-child interaction is less hierarchical and more like "best friends" than traditional authority and child-child dynamics models. Consequently, many adults have difficulty respecting those in positions of power.

    They typically assume that others will maintain their status as the centre of attention as they are accustomed to receiving attention and having their wants met by their parent(s).

    Children whose parents are excessively lenient may develop unhealthy eating habits and a lack of discipline, which can lead to obesity and other health issues as adults. Schoolwork is likely not given the attention it needs for success due to a lack of boundaries around homework and sleep.

    It is commonly believed that children raised by such parents can "do no wrong" in their perspective. These kids often grow up to need "bailing out" from different circumstances since adults don't step in to guide them or correct their bad behaviour. Their level of responsibility could be higher, and they could be taken aback if you informed them differently.

    Uninvolved Parenting

    Due to the parent's tendency to remain out of the way, children often have great independence. They take care of the child's necessities while staying away from their child's life for the most part.

    An uninvolved parent rarely talks to their kid and needsethod for disciplining them. They have low expectations of their children and provide nothing in the way of nurturing. 

    How Uninvolved Parents Influence Their Children's Personality Development

    By sheer force of circumstance, many children whose parents are uninvolved have grown up to be much more responsible and mature than their contemporaries. One of two things usually describes them: too responsible or completely "lost" in the world.

    Children who grow up with distant parents may also display traits of introversion or coldness. People with low self-esteem, low confidence, and an aversion to social interaction may also be more common. Personality traits like impulsivity and violence may be a result of parents who aren't actively involved in their children's lives.

    Behaviour Changes Caused by Uninvolved Parents

    One unhealthy coping mechanism that children of uninvolved parents may acquire is the need to be completely self-sufficient.

    Furthermore, these kids may be socially awkward and have trouble reading social signs because they lack communication and engagement.

    Some of them may even seek out the wrong crowd for approval, use drugs or alcohol to cope or seek out new role models elsewhere.

    Lack of support for healthy emotional regulation and connection building increases the risk that these kids will develop dysfunctional coping methods, have trouble expressing themselves, and have trouble keeping relationships together. Another common trap for these kids to slip into is addiction.

    The Importance Of The Parental Approach

    Parenting style is crucial because it influences a child's growth and the expression of their genes. Parenting ranks high among the many influential influences on a child's development from the moment of their birth. Hence, as validated by decades of research, parenting style is critical in deciding a child's future results.

    Parental Approaches And Their Effects

    Various parenting styles can impact children in different ways, according to research. Potentially impacted areas of a child's life both now and in the future include:


    Parenting methods may influence academic success and intrinsic drive.

    Mental Health

    Their parents' parenting practices can impact a child's emotional health. Anxiety, sadness, and other mental health issues are more common in children whose parents are authoritarian, lax, or uninvolved.


    Children whose parents model strong authority figures are likelier to have healthy self-esteem than those whose parents model more submissive roles.

    Social Relationships

    Parental styles influence relationship development in children. For example, children of authoritarian parents are more prone to bully others, while children of more lenient parents are more prone to bully themselves.

    Adult Relationships

    Additionally, children of authoritarian parents may be at a higher risk of experiencing emotional abuse in intimate relationships as adults, according to the research.

    Physical Health

    A child's long-term health is impacted by the food habits and attitudes towards physical exercise that its parents shape.

    parenting styles and their impact on child development 2

    Moral And Behavior Development

    When developing a sense of good and wrong, children look to their parents as the principal role models. Their parents influence a child's moral development' and carers' discipline techniques.

    Children are more likely to exhibit prosocial behaviour if their parents exhibit a combination of warmth, firm control, empathy, and prosocial moral thinking.​

    Cultural Development

    A child's cultural identity is shaped by the cultural norms, customs, and values parents pass down.

    Cognitive Development

    Helping a child succeed in school is as simple as being involved in their education and creating an engaging classroom setting with age-appropriate learning resources.​


    Self-esteem, social skills, and healthy relationships are greatly affected by parenting approaches. Parenting styles affect confidence, independence, and emotional management. Authoritarian parenting makes kids feel neglected with tight rules and punishment. Low self-esteem and lack of initiative make it hard for these kids to make and keep friends.

    Authoritative parenting promotes healthy child development through straightforward communication and parent check-ins. Since authoritative parents make their children feel heard and noticed, they are more confident. They learn to manage their emotions well, improving empathy and social skills.

    Warm, gentle permissive parents set little expectations and let their children figure things themselves. These parents usually let their kids resolve issues through conversation and other means. Permissive parenting results in unusual punishments because children act more like friends than parents.

    In conclusion, parents and educators must grasp how parenting styles affect children's development. Parents may help their children develop confidence, independence, and emotional regulation by encouraging good two-way communication and a supportive atmosphere.

    Permissive parenting can produce laid-back, self-centered, and self-confident kids. Lacking discipline and direction, these kids become demanding adults. Lack of discipline and bad eating habits can lead to adult obesity and other health difficulties. Permissive parents may generate impulsive, low-self-esteem kids.

    Non-involved parenting frequently produces more responsible and mature children. They may also be introverted, frigid, with low self-esteem, confidence, and social aversion.

    Lack of parental involvement causes self-sufficiency, social awkwardness, and trouble recognising social signs. Lack of support for healthy emotional regulation and connection building raises the risk of dysfunctional coping, communication, and relationship issues.

    A child's growth and gene expression depend on parenting style. Research shows that parenting styles can affect a child's academic success, mental health, self-esteem, social interactions, adult relationships, physical health, moral and behaviour development, cultural identification, and cognitive development.

    Finally, parenting styles shape children's character, thus understanding them can help them succeed.

    Content Summary

    • The way parents engage with their children has a profound impact on their sense of self-worth, social skills, and capacity to develop positive relationships.
    • A child's emotional regulation, self-assurance, and independence are shaped by their parents' parenting approaches.
    • It is critical to understand how various parenting methods affect children's development.
    • The effects on children of hands-on vs. laissez-faire parenting styles are distinct.
    • Children benefit from parenting styles that promote good two-way communication.
    • The dynamics of parenting place a premium on communication.
    • There is no space for negotiation when an authoritarian parent dictates everything to their child.
    • Intimacy, open communication, and caring are missing in the lives of children brought up by authoritarian parents.
    • Problems with trusting others and poor self-esteem are common among these kids.
    • Healthy friendships and connections can be more difficult to develop in an authoritarian household.
    • Authoritarian parenting styles can produce well-behaved children, but they may also experience difficulties such as aggression and social awkwardness.
    • With authoritative parenting, you set high standards, explain them, and back them up when they misbehave.
    • As a result of growing up under authoritarian parents, children learn to be tolerant, value relationships, and communicate well.
    • When kids take part in establishing rules and limits, they tend to act responsibly.
    • Confidence, self-assurance, and healthy emotional coping are encouraged by authoritative parenting.
    • Kids whose parents are very hands-on tend to do very well in school and in extracurricular activities.
    • Warmth and a lack of expectations or limits characterise permissive parenting.
    • They are more likely to be demanding and self-absorbed if their parents are more lenient.
    • They may be impulsive and have trouble controlling themselves.
    • These kids value themselves highly, yet they put themselves first.
    • The parent-child interaction becomes less hierarchical when parents practise permissive parenting.
    • People who grew up with lax rules may find it difficult to respect those in positions of power.
    • Children with uninvolved parents tend to be quite self-reliant but not very loved.
    • Kids whose parents aren't involved may grow up to be either too responsible or completely disoriented.
    • It is possible for these kids to acquire personality traits like impulsivity, low self-esteem, and introversion.
    • Children whose parents aren't actively involved in their lives may develop unhealthy coping techniques, such as becoming overly independent.
    • Broken relationships and ineffective coping mechanisms stem from a lack of emotional regulation assistance.
    • Styles of parenting have a major effect on how genes are expressed and how a child develops.
    • Academic achievement, psychological well-being, self-esteem, and interpersonal connections are all influenced by parents' parenting techniques.
    • A child's cognitive, behavioural, and moral development are impacted by the parenting methods of its parents.
    • The mental and emotional well-being of children whose parents are authoritative figures is higher.
    • Parents' actions have a significant impact on their children's physical well-being and cultural identity.
    • Bullying is a possible outcome of authoritarian parenting styles.
    • Permissive parents may raise children who are more likely to engage in self-bullying behaviours.
    • The way a youngster is raised can have an impact on their relationships as an adult.
    • Kids are more likely to help others when their parents are loving, assertive, and empathetic.
    • A child's moral compass is shaped by the examples set by their parents.
    • Parents' perspectives on the importance of healthy eating and regular physical activity have an effect on their children's health in the long run.
    • A child's cognitive development is aided by parental involvement in their education.
    • Cultural identity is moulded by the values and conventions that parents pass on to their children.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    There are generally four primary parenting styles: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved. Authoritarian parents have strict rules and expect obedience without much room for negotiation. Authoritative parents set clear expectations but also provide explanations and support. Permissive parents are lenient and indulgent, setting few restrictions. Uninvolved parents are disengaged and provide minimal guidance or nurturing.


    Parenting styles significantly impact various aspects of a child's development. Authoritarian parenting may lead to low self-esteem and trust issues, while authoritative parenting fosters confidence and healthy emotional coping. Permissive parenting might result in self-centeredness and lack of self-control, whereas uninvolved parenting could lead to children feeling overly responsible or lost in the world.


    Long-term effects vary based on parenting styles. Authoritative parenting tends to result in children with better mental health, higher self-esteem, and stronger social skills. Authoritarian parenting might lead to tendencies of bullying behavior, while permissive parenting could result in challenges respecting authority in adulthood. Uninvolved parenting might lead to issues with emotional regulation and relationship difficulties.


    Communication plays a crucial role in parenting. Authoritative parenting, which emphasizes clear communication and support, tends to have positive outcomes. Healthy two-way communication helps children develop effective social and emotional skills, leading to better relationships and emotional regulation.


    Parents can start by understanding different parenting styles and their potential impacts. Striving to create a balance between setting clear expectations and offering support and explanations can emulate an authoritative parenting approach. Prioritizing open and empathetic communication while providing age-appropriate boundaries and guidance can contribute to healthier child development.

    Scroll to Top
    Scroll to Top